The County Strategy for Critical Infrastructure Protection


The purpose of developing this overarching strategy document is to protect the County’s Critical Infrastructure (CI) from all forms of hazards (human-caused accidents, natural hazards, and terrorist attacks). CI sectors, which encompasses essential functions and systems such as transportation, energy, and infrastructure, provide the foundation for the economy, security, and governance for the region and must be protected. The plan provides strategies for ensuring effective communication between stakeholders, methods, and necessary resources to shield the critical assets and services’ failure. The strategies presented in this document intend to direct the County’s CI stakeholders (owner/operators of critical assets, private companies, and public entities) to meet the NIPP’s six objectives on critical infrastructure protection.

Background Information

             Protecting critical infrastructure is essential for the County’s security, economic vitality, safety, and way of life. Disruptions on Critical Infrastructure equally disrupt business and government functions and generate a cascading impact far beyond the affected sectors. Natural and technological hazards and terrorist attacks could generate catastrophic losses, including property destruction, human casualties, economic effects, and a profound impact on public confidence and morale. Hence, the need for a robust infrastructure protection plan ensures a safe, secure, and more resilient County by improving Critical Infrastructure protection.


Federal Laws

Significant federal laws have been legislated to improve communication and information sharing capabilities:

  • USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 eliminated barriers that limited information sharing between intelligence communities and law enforcement agencies. Effective communication and information sharing are vital for coordination among critical protection agencies.
  • The “Homeland Security Act of 2002” established the “Department of Homeland Security (DHS)” to further enhance information sharing among State, Federal and local governments and the private agencies. DHS aims to enhance the detection, identification, understanding, and assessment of terrorist threats and the weaknesses of Homeland to protect America’s CI, link the Federal and State governments, and integrate the Nation’s emergency response systems.
  • “Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (IRPTA) of 2004” formed the “Director of National Intelligence” to ensure coordination and integration of sixteen intelligence community agencies. 

Federal Policy

  • “Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD) 7”—institutes a national policy for state and federal agencies and departments to identify and prioritize CI, protecting them from any threat of terrorist attacks.
  • Presidential Policy Directive (PPD) 21”—contributes to developing a situational awareness capacity, which focuses on physical and virtual (cyber) aspects of CI function in near-real-time. The PPD 21 also evaluates public-private partnerships in CI protection and develops a comprehensive plan for research and development.
  • “Executive Order (EO) 13636”—incorporates a robust framework for protecting the privacy and civil liberties in all the efforts to secure critical infrastructure. EO 13636 explores the present laws to boost cybersecurity protection.

National Strategies

The “National Homeland Security Strategy” sets the standard agenda for the following four key goals: Preventing and disrupting terrorist attacks; Protecting the American citizens and CI; Enhancing response, and recovery from incidences that may occur. “The National Strategy for the Physical Protection of Critical Infrastructures and Key Assets” set the foundation for building a collaborative environment where government and private citizens conduct their protective duties effectively.

Code of Federal Regulations

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR): 

Title 6—outlines the primary set of regulations and rules provided by federal agencies concerning administrative personnel to enhance domestic security.

Title 14—refers to the set of regulations and rules provided by the “Federal Aviation Administration” and “Department of Transportation” concerning “Aeronautics and Space” and will form the basis for protecting our aerospace.

Title 44—set rules and regulations concerning fire prevention and control, hazard mitigation and insurance, disaster assistance, and preparedness.

Title 49—essential for setting rules and regulations concerning transportation securities.


            “National Response Framework (NRF)”—guides on how to respond to different kinds of disasters, building on flexible, scalable, and adaptable concepts provided by the “National Incident Management System.” NRF Critical Infrastructure Annex describes policies, responsibilities and roles, and operations concepts for assessment, periodization, protection, and restoration of CI and critical resources.  

Sector-Specific Protection Plans (16 total)” identifies and provide policies on the following CI:

  • Chemicals
  • commercial facilities
  • critical manufacturing
  • communication
  • defense industrial base
  • dams
  • energy
  • emergency services
  • food and agriculture
  • financial services
  • government facilities
  • health care
  • public health
  • nuclear
  • information technology 
free essay typer




The County’s CI protection program’s vision is to build a robust, flexible, scalable, and adaptable disaster response and management programs to enhance the safety, security, and resilience of the County’s Critical Infrastructure.

The Goals of Critical Infrastructure Protection

The primary goal of this Critical Infrastructure Protection plan is to minimize vulnerabilities, identify and disrupt threats, such as natural or human-made hazards and terrorist attacks on CI. The plan also aims to install strategies to reduce the consequences of the threats or vulnerabilities on critical infrastructure and hasten response and recovery efforts. 


Provide the guideline on how local government and the private sector can collaborate to manage risks to attain the resilience and security goals. The plan also intends to advocate for shared responsibility among stakeholders, including the state, local, private, public owners, and operators, to strengthen domestic infrastructure’s security and local resilience.

Resources Required

The resources required to achieve resilience and security goals include owners and CI controllers, both private and public. The strategy also incorporates elected officials, public safety officials, and first responders to strengthen the domestic infrastructure’s security and local resilience.

Synchronization of National Infrastructure Protection Plan Objectives

Resilience directive and infrastructure protection aim to strengthen and secure the country’s CI, enhancing the capacity to prepare for and adjust to shifting conditions and disruptions adequately. Such entails the capacity to recover from accidents, deliberate attacks, and natural threats. The objective calls for collaboration between national and local governments and international partners to enhance the CI’s security.

Summary and Recommendations


Protecting critical infrastructure is vital for the County’s security, economic vitality, safety, and way of life, and any disruption to CI disrupt functions both public and private functions and generate cascading impact far beyond the affected sectors. Building a robust, resilient, and secure IC requires integrating federal laws legislated to improve communication and information sharing capabilities such as the USA PATRIOT Act of 2001, Homeland Security Act of 2002, and other regulations. Equality, there is a dire need to incorporate stakeholder involvement and sharing of responsibilities to boost resilience.


This CI protection plan aims to generate a guideline that fosters local government and the private sector collaboration to manage risks to attain the resilience and security goals. Elected officials and other public safety officials and first responders will be engaged in series of meetings and their views captured in the plan to strengthen the security and local resilience of the CI by educating stakeholders on how to respond to and manage some threats.

Work Cited

Directive, P. P. (2017). 21 (PPD-21). (2013). Critical infrastructure security and resilience.


USA PATRIOT Act of 2001, 18 USC

Homeland Security Act of 2004

Presidential Policy Directive 21, Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience

Presidential Homeland Security Directive 7, Critical Infrastructure

Executive Order 13636, Critical Infrastructure and Resilience

Homeland Security Strategy, 2007

National Infrastructure Protection Plan, 2014

National Response Framework, 2014

Code of Federal Regulations 41 (41 CFR), Critical Infrastructure

Abbreviations and Acronyms

CI – Critical Infrastructure

PATRIOT– “Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism”