Risk Management

            A systematic approach to safety risk is understood in four components. They include:

  • Safe policy
  •  Safety assurance
  • Safety risk management
  • Safety promotion.

Safety policy defines the methods, organizational structure, and the processes needed to meet different safety goals (Petitt, 2017). The policy establishes management commitment to performance and managing health objectives. Most of these objectives are built on processes and procedures that already exist within an organization. Nonetheless, there should be transparency in the management of safety.

Safety risk management determines the risk controls adequate for a risk (Petitt, 2017). In managing safety risk, the custodians will describe the system, identify the hazards, assess the risk, analyze, and control risk.


Safety assurance is used to evaluate the effectiveness of risk mitigation strategies. In this audit, an organization can measure its confidence level based on whether their safety risk management meets or exceed standard safety requirements.

Safety promotion involves communication, training, and other approaches that instill a positive safety culture in the workforce (Petitt, 2017). A safety promotion framework is used to disseminate safety lessons learned, advocate for positive safety culture, and provide training on safety management.

Safety management systems (SMS) are useful in organizations as they create a healthy working environment with low-risk vulnerability. One reason SMSs are value is that they encourage management commitment (Kim et al., 2019). In this regard, the managers’ attitudes towards safety and health are changed entirely, and all management approaches they take, risk management is integrated.

The systems also promote accountability and employee involvement. The employees are responsible for their actions, and according to the policies, they understand the possible risks that may lead to consequences. Therefore, they must be involved strategically in enhancing success for the program. In that regard, they can mitigate most of the risks based on what they can identify. Therefore, safety management systems are an essential part of organizational management and safety guarantee.


Kim, N. K., Rahim, N. F. A., Iranmanesh, M., & Foroughi, B. (2019). The role of the safety climate in the successful implementation of safety management systems. Safety Science118, 48-56.

Petitt, K. (2017). SMS, Safety Culture, and the Four Pillars of Safety Applied to Airline Pilot Training: NextGen Demands to Improve safety. International Journal of Aviation Systems, Operations, and Training (IJASOT)4(2), 45-61.