Questions 1: Eating Disorders Regarded as Multi-Determined Disorders
Eating disorders in today’s society might be considered a multi-faceted condition for various causes. The modern description of a multi-determined condition is when the disease is caused by more than one variable with a wide variety of causation. Negative factors from relatives, colleagues, Western society or a particular subculture might negatively affect a human’s life and dictate how they must live (Sansone & Sansone, 2012). Anorexia and bulimia are multi-faceted disorders heavily impacted by socio-cultural, biological, and psychological variables. Ethnic communities provide significant demands and constraints on people to diet and lose weight.
Studies have also shown that women with a family history of weight loss are more prone to acquire anxiety and depression problems. Daily behaviors in a family also significantly influence how a kid is raised. Factors like being too cautious or having extreme dominance may also contribute to developing a feeding problem, with anorexia being particularly vulnerable in youngsters. When other people’s opinions and lifestyle choices become more powerful than our own, psychological issues emerge. A schema is a way people view a character. Once established, schemas can be stored in a person’s long cognition and used to build self-schemas. Adverse self causes a person’s character to be fragile since they think they are always being scrutinized. Self-concept then develops, resulting in more dangerous diseases, including low self-esteem and despair.
A mix of cultural forces, individual and familial issues and community expectations demand a person to be skinny and attractive. Because there are so many variables that might lead to the establishment of an eating problem, it is classified as a multi-determined condition (Sansone & Sansone, 2012). Due to the obvious pressures that may be imposed on men and women in the community, society is one of the key causes that eating disorders can be multi-determined disorders. Members of society are under pressure to appear in a specific way to be “desirable” to the entire world.
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Questions 2: How Dieting Can Lead To Binge Eating
Dieting comes before bingeing is a relatively new notion that has been investigated. It was discovered that most dieters are binge eaters due to the diet procedure. Dieting educates people to eat mentally rather than physically. They manage one’s eating habits with thoughts of conquering the complex physical defenses (Polivy & Herman, 1985). Nevertheless, this makes the dieter more sensitive to other factors, which might contribute to bingeing. They analyzed patients who went on diets, reduced their food intake, and discovered a variety of characteristics that might contribute to bingeing. When they come off the program, their metabolism has often experienced a deficit of calories and is attempting to compensate for those calories (Howard & Porzelius, 1999). Alcohol is another component that can contribute to binge eating; it has been discovered that people who consume excessive quantities of liquor later overeat. The liquor has disinhibited them and interfered with their ability to manage their eating. Everything that creates emotional stimulation will encourage overeating.
The influence that families have on their children, particularly women, is a factor that contributes to eating problems. The effect of the parents may occur in two ways. The meals fed to this person, together with their families’ remarks about their bodyweight, can significantly affect someone adopting an eating problem such as bulimia. They acquire an eating problem because it hurts their self-esteem and strives to satisfy their parents’ opinions.
Questions 2: Some of the Broad Areas of a Person’s Life that a Nutrition Counsellor Might Pay Attention to.
A dietary counselor or psychotherapist assists persons suffering from an eating disorder in understanding and combat the issue. They must pay close regard to the individual’s well-being and determine the root reason for their dietary habits (Dworatzek et al., 2013). The major goals of these persons are to focus on eliminating unhealthy eating behaviors acquired by the individual and promoting long-term healthy habits. It is the role of dietitians to discover big phobias about certain meals that people feel and then to learn about the potential repercussions of not ingesting that special diet, which is why the individual may be overeating preferentially eating or not eating anyway.
The fundamental goal of therapy is to establish a trustworthy connection between the client and the counselor to evaluate the patient’s actions and feelings that may have resulted in an eating problem. Before a dietary counselor or psychotherapist can help, they must first understand the patient’s eating habits, attitudes, and lifestyle. To understand the therapist well, the clients must communicate their ideas and feelings. Patients’ ideas and habits frequently hinder their attempts to reduce weight . The nutritional counselor or psychologist must speak with them about their difficulties in making good food options and what drives them to make improper decisions. Specialists may also assess their melancholy, stress, and eating problems, such as binge eating. All conditions are often thought to cause weight problems.
The nutrition counselor evaluates lifestyle and socioeconomic variables, personal beliefs, organizational interactions and skills, trauma background, self-image, self-esteem, substance addiction, and sports activities. They may be concerned with familial qualities, schooling, and physical and physiological characteristics. Avoidance of certain foodstuffs or kinds of food and fussy eating are examples of diet and lifestyle.
Questions 2: Ways in Which an Individual’s Family Might Influence or Contribute to Eating Problems in That Person
Parents have a huge effect on their children’s eating growth. Many decisions are made in a kid’s life, including the sorts of meals the youngster eats and the affordability of meals. According to the module PowerPoint presentation, parents, particularly mothers, can influence their child’s (especially females’) desire to reduce weight. (Sixth Module) One significant consideration is how the family behaves; if the household is problematic, the child may develop bulimia. Children absorb all they observe at school and their families, and they mimic their parents’ actions. If the mother engages in harmful eating habits, the kid will eventually do the same. Furthermore, if moms continue to encourage their children to be skinny, as many perfectionism mothers do, putting stress on being thin leads to bulimic signs and attitudes.
Enmeshment is characterized as an inability to maintain appropriate personal limits among family and friends, resulting in dysfunctional households. As Minuchin describes in his article Psychogenic Families: Anorexia Nervosa in Perspective (Minuchin et al. 1985), there is an endeavor to repair structural issues caused primarily by codependency by addressing unsuitable bonds between a caregiver a kid. This leads to overprotective parenting and conservatism. These caregivers are extremely possessive of their kids and exhibit a variety of protective factors (Minuchin, 1985). As a consequence of this, anorexia develops. Perfectionism parents perceive their flaws in their kids and attempt to push them to be “flawless,” but in essence, this harms the kid self and leads to the development of numerous disordered eating.
Dworatzek, P. D., Arcudi, K., Gougeon, R., Husein, N., Sievenpiper, J. L., & Williams, S. L. (2013). Nutrition therapy. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 37, S45–S55.
Howard, C. E., & Porzelius, L. K. (1999). The role of dieting in binge eating disorder: Etiology and treatment implications. Clinical Psychology Review, 19(1), 25–44.
Minuchin, P. (1985). Families and individual development: Provocations from the field of family therapy. Child Development, 289–302.
Polivy, J., & Herman, C. P. (1985). Dieting and binging: A causal analysis. American Psychologist, 40(2), 193.
Sansone, R. A., & Sansone, L. A. (2012). The eating disorders. Clinical Child Psychiatry, 289– 304.