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The correct safety management strategy will help your agricultural employees be more efficient and productive. Your induction process should include a variety of subjects, such as fundamental facts, property layout, and job objectives. In the dairy industry, one must incorporate a health and safety introduction with a basic induction. Such health and safety data must include your workplace’s rules and processes, dangers and threats, emergencies planning, and instruction and directions tailored to their function. Your Safety Management System would assist in organizing existing data and guaranteeing that they are current and correct (Juárez-Carrillo et al., 2017). A data-making method should help you demonstrate compliance with your health and protection responsibilities, as well as provide you with a productivity analysis and ensure you satisfy your insurance obligations.

 Minimize the likelihood of infection by immunizing animals as needed and always wearing adequate protective clothes while handling animals or possibly infectious material like afterbirth or feces. Culling hostile animals at a slaughterhouse is usually the safest choice of action. Cattle identified as problematic must never be transferred through a mart or directly to other ranchers (Juárez-Carrillo et al., 2017). Bulls are well-known for their dangers, and few actions can reduce risks. The bull must begin to relate people with eating, cleaning, and exercise from a tender age. Once the bull is loose, one should never visit the pen. At the entry of any facility housing a bull, there is a need to put safety precautions advising of the presence of a bull.


Question 2

            There are multiple supply chain issues and threats associated with the dairy industry. Problems arise at each phase of production brought up by all participants throughout the supply chain. The issues involved in the supply chain interrupt the movement of goods, finances, and communication from producers to consumers in the distribution chain setting (Prakash et al., 2017). To distribute highly perishable goods that are highly vulnerable to contamination and variations in temperature, the company typically needs specialized equipment, like vans fitted with refrigeration systems. Handling procedures are another factor that influences the quality of goods, particularly milk, in terms of bacterial content. Milk generated by fit cows is almost secure from impurities at first, but contamination occurs shortly when subjected to open air.

            The supply of feed continues to be an issue in the dairy business. Due to seasonal patterns, feed is abundant during the rainy seasons and scarce feed during the dry seasons. This challenge has affected the dairy business, where there have been issues of lack of enough feed for the animals, resulting in low production rates. Another danger to this business is animal welfare since extensive dairy production raises severe issues about animal welfare (Prakash et al., 2017). The dairy sector is grappling with a serious problem: confined confinement and isolation cages. Farm animal transportation in the dairy sector also factors the industry’s issues due to various harsh methods of moving these animals.

Question 3

            Labor is one of the possible supply chain limitations in the dairy industry. The issue of labor will always have an impact on the dairy business. The lack of enough qualified personnel to deal with the distribution of these products is a potential challenge that a new business may face. Supply chain problems increase delivery times while decreasing output. Such issues that come along with the transportation of dairy products from the manufacturer to the consumers lengthen delivery times, resulting in contamination of highly perishable dairy products. Additionally, prices may be affected due to the notion that producers are more immediately susceptible to distribution chain problems than consumers. The effect of price hykes affects the consumers.

            The dairy business is anticipated to face significant market changes due to the entrance of new industries into the market. Because the upcoming company is new in the market, the average dairy products output of the items in the marketplace ought to grow. This shift may benefit customers whose demand for these commodities is likely to be satisfied. Additionally, advances in customer behavior, expectations, and the need for more significant consumer insights are other market changes the dairy industry is expected to face (Prakash et al., 2017). Due to increased dairy products in the market, customers may require high-quality dairy products from these companies. Customer expectations are likely to be high for the products, thus requiring the company to invest more in customer information and high-quality produce.

Question 4

            Crossbreeding is a breeding technology that has led to successful dairy production. The selection of excellent, disease-resistant, and climate-resilient breeds, together with modern breeding techniques, created a solid basis for the dairy industry’s future growth (Rozhkova & Olentsova, 2020). Secondly, Artificial insemination (AI) is a technique globally used to implant a confirmed sire’s preserved sperm straight into a cow’s uterus. The strategy intends to develop desirable qualities quickly through aggressive gene selection. This revolutionary technology has accomplished benefits, including permitting the adoption of better quality sperms eliminating the price and danger of stallion ownership and lowering the risk of bringing contagious diseases into the livestock.

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            Another technology strategy that can help reduce business shortfalls and increase productivity in the dairy industry is progeny testing. This technology is one of the most realistic and effective approaches for evaluating bulls based on the productivity of their offspring. When a variety of livestock for a specific species scattering is throughout numerous places in its native region, such areas could get AI technologies because assessing the progeny generated is for optimum productivity (Rozhkova & Olentsova, 2020). Another method is embryo transfer technology (ETT), which is among the most recent technologies obtainable for quicker livestock development globally, especially for utilizing the genetic possibilities of excellent animals at the same time.


Juárez-Carrillo, P. M., Liebman, A. K., Reyes, I. A. C., Ninco Sánchez, Y. V., & Keifer, M. C. (2017). Applying learning theory to safety and health training for Hispanic immigrant dairy workers. Health Promotion Practice, 18(4), 505–515.

Prakash, S., Soni, G., Rathore, A. P. S., & Singh, S. (2017). Risk analysis and mitigation for perishable food supply chain: A case of dairy industry. Benchmarking: An International Journal.

Rozhkova, A., & Olentsova, J. (2020). Development of new technological solutions for the dairy industry. E3S Web of Conferences, 161, 01086.